A subset of work on urban commons is specifically directed at fostering relocalization of the economy and governance. Several of the items mentioned in the urban commons entry have these effects indirectly – the Evergreen Cooperatives, Linz Open Commons, local currencies and timebanks, Top Level Domains – but there are many notable legal initiatives that are expressly attempting to expand the self-determination of local communities.
Local Community Initiatives
This project run by CELDF, the Community Environmental Legal Defense Fund,  in the US, seeks to empower local communities to resist fracking, the transport of hazardous materials, and other violations of local self-determination, especially on environmental matters. The ultimate legality of such ordinances under state and federal law may be problematic, but in some ways that is the point – to dramatize how outsider investors, in collusion with state and federal governments, are riding roughshod over community sentiment, and to provoke test cases and political controversy about enclosures of local commons.
The Community Charters Movement
In a number of countries, people are drafting their own community charters to assert moral and legal right to control certain local resources. Inspired in part by CELDF’s "Community Bill of Rights,"  community charters have been drafted to protect a wide variety of resources at different scales: neighborhoods in Dakar, Senegal; the entire city of Bologna, Italy'; the venerated Teatro Valle in Rome  which the city government tried to sell to private investors; and the Great Lakes Commons Declaration.  There is a Felkirk City Charter in the UK,  and a charter developed by the self-managed cultural space, the Aqua Bene Comune, in Milan.